Everything you need to know about 60% and 65% keyboards

In the wonderful world of mechanical keyboards, there is a form factor for everyone. From the bog-standard full-size to the gamer-oriented tenkeyless keyboards, you’ll be hard-pressed not to find a suitable form factor for you. For a long time, the 60% keyboard was just that for me. However, I see a lot of beginners mistaking the 60% for a tenkeyless and even some that have never seen a 60% keyboard at all. Add its close sibling, the 65%, to the mix and the soup is ready.

In this post, I will hope to clear up some of the mystery and answer a couple key questions such as:

  1. What are the advantages of 60% keyboards?
  2. Are 60% keyboards good for gaming?

Without further ado, let’s get into the nitty gritty, starting with the basic 60%.

The 60% keyboard

In respect to its name, the 60% keyboard covers right about 60 percent of the full-size keyboard. In practice, this means that you’ll have direct access to all buttons in what is called the alphanumeric cluster. The image below will illustrate what I mean if the terminology is unclear to you:

Image illustrating the difference between full-size, tenkeyless and 60% keyboard form-factors
Pictured are the 3 common form-factors, the 60%, the tenkeyless and the full-size.

Those of you who have never seen this before might be wondering what the point of going so minimalist might be. You might notice that the pure 60% form factor has no arrow keys, no F-row and no navigation cluster, and you would be right. All of these functions are accessible, but not with dedicated keys. You are giving up quite a lot to reach this state of minimalism. Let’s go over some of the 60% keyboard advantages and conversely, disadvantages.

Image of the Anne Pro 2 keyboard
Anne Pro 2 is a very featureful and inexpensive 60% keyboard that does the trick for a penny. Image courtesy of kbdfans.

60% keyboard advantages

If I had to pick a main attraction of of 60% keyboards, it would simply be their size. The first thing you’ll notice with a keyboard this small is simply how much mouse space you have.

Size

By taking away the numpad and the navigation cluster, you gain about 15 centimeters (that’s about 6 inches in freedom units) of horizontal space for your mouse, while keeping the keyboard in the same spot. This allow you to keep your hands closer together, which is both more ergonomic, and more comfortable. Ever seen esports professionals angle their keyboard like this?

Image showing the professional Counter-Strike player Stewie2k in the Dreamhack Masters tournament
Some professional esports players do this since they’ve grown accustomed to the small space LAN setups usually offer. Image courtesy of Dreamhack.

That’s because they’ve grown accustomed to narrow desks in LAN setups and they needed to figure out a way to get more room for the mouse. Considerably angling your keyboard recovers some space for the mousepad. With a 60%, this problem is practically deleted from existence.

The small size also lends itself to taking it on the go with you. If you do a lot of typing on your laptop, you might want to consider a 60% keyboard to go along – it barely takes space in your bag and will surely feel nicer to type on than the chiclet keyboard of your laptop.

Options

The 60% keyboard also lends itself well to customization. They usually come with standard layouts and thus they enjoy the luxury of being compatible with basically every single custom keyset ever made. There are also a number of 60%-only keysets being made, which naturally sets you back less money since they only come with enough keys for a 60% keyboard.

Custom cases are also abundant for 60% keyboards, as they all use the standard screw placements and for this reason, you have a lot of options to turn your keyboard into something unique.

The other nice thing about them is that there are a lot of options available, and some are a whole lot cheaper than usual full-sized keyboards. Popular budget options for example are the Anne Pro 2 and the (now old) Poker 2.

Programmability

Since the 60% form factor has to compromise so much to get the minimalist physical appearance, the keyboard manufacturers have come up with a simple solution: a programmable layer. This usually takes the form of a PN-key and by holding it, the functions for each key change. Virtually all 60% keyboards have this functionality and the best part is that you can program the layer however you want with a few simple keypresses. They can usually be adapted to recording simple macros as well, right there on the keyboard without any need to install complicated software.

The programmable layer is both a solution to a problem, as well as a unique advantage in that you can modify and tune the layout to your liking.
Disadvantages

Now, for the other side of the coin. The keyboard giveth, and the keyboard taketh away.

I feel like while the size makes for the main attraction, it also makes for the form factor’s biggest and only downfall. The size means that you lose dedicated keys for the F-keys, the navigation cluster (the arrow keys and the bunch of navigational buttons above them) and the number pad. You still have access to all of these functions, it’s just not as convenient as it is with a full-size keyboard.

The F-keys, for example, are usually accessed by holding an FN-key (you’ll be familiar with this if you’ve ever used a laptop) and pressing the numbers 1-9 and the symbols that make up the rest of the row. Similarly, the arrow keys are often accessed by holding the FN-key and mimicking the arrow keys elsewhere on the keyboard. All of this requires some finger-acrobatics and puts your pinky to the test since it needs to hold either the PN, or the FN-keys to access different functionalities.

Should you get one?

Most people are put off from the 60% simply because it has no dedicated arrow keys. If that’s the case for you, you could just get a tenkeyless keyboard, which has the F-row as well as the navigation cluster, sacrificing only the number pad.

But another challenger just might have an answer for you, and that is the 65% keyboard.

The 65% keyboard

The 65% keyboard is a godsend and a saving grace for most people that just can’t get used to the 60% keyboard. This is because the 65% keyboard is basically a 60% keyboard with arrow keys. It comes with it’s own set of advantages and disadvantages, but most of what I said about the 60% keyboard, applies here as well. Here’s an image of a fairly popular 65% keyboard, the Tada68:

Image displaying the Tada68 keyboard
The Tada68 is a budget-friendly option to venture into 65% keyboards. It features one of the more common 65% layouts that sacrifice keycap compatibility for aesthetics and button placement. Image courtesy of kbdfans.

As long as the keyboard is a 60% keyboard with arrow keys, the official designation for it is the 65%.

65% keyboard advantages

Size

Since the 65% is very close to a 60% in physical size, the same advantages apply. You’ll get the same ergonomics and added mouse space. Furthermore, the 65% might make for an even better laptop-companion, since it comes with a rudimentary nav cluster, something I find invaluable when working on a laptop.

Arrow keys

The single advantage over the 60% are the dedicated arrow keys. If you feel like you can’t get used to the FN- and PN-layer jiggling to access your arrow keys all the time, the 65% keyboard is right for you. The close proximity of the arrow keys to the alphanumeric cluster might put you off for a while, but it’s easy enough to get used to.

Disadvantages

The 65% keyboard trades off some things in order to fit in the arrow keys, and this is its only disadvantage when compared to the 60% form factor.

The first downside is that there aren’t very many options if you’re looking for customization. Fitting in the arrow keys often means that the right side modifiers are squished, and that the nav cluster keys are on the incorrect rows, resulting in custom keysets to either not fit, or look funny when they do. Some 65% keyboards avoid this by leaving weird gaps around some of the more ill-fitting keys, like the Varmilo VA68 below.

Image showing the Varmilo VA68M keyboard
The Varmilo VA68M is a compromise between keycap compatibility and features. Image courtesy of Drop.

Going for a 65% also means that you’ll be hard-pressed to find custom cases that fit. Some keyboards, like the Tada68 have optional aluminum cases that you can order it with, but most times you’re stuck to the plastic default case the keyboard ships with.

Should I get one?

If the only thing keeping you from 60% keyboards is the lack of arrow keys, you should go for the 65%. Just keep in mind that further customization might prove a little bit difficult, if you’re into that sort of thing.

In my opinion, 60-65% keyboards represent peak performance for gamers, especially if you primarily play MOBA or FPS games, which usually don’t have too many keybinds for you to worry about. I find that very few games nowadays utilize the F-row, and for that reason I am happy to toss it to gain access to the space savings these keyboards offer.

If you absolutely can’t live without arrow keys, the 65% is an ideal choice for you. If even that is not enough, you might want to move to even bigger keyboard layouts.

Tino Parkkinen Written by:

Guest writer @ Wooting. Mechanical keyboard aficionado and a tech lover.

13 Comments

  1. Neil
    January 6, 2020
    Reply

    So … what are the odds that 2020 will bring us a Wooting 65% keyboard, with a USB-C port, and PBT keycaps?

      • Neil
        January 8, 2020
        Reply

        I really, really want a 65% Wooting keyboard. Have no need for another full-size desk board and especially for playing FPS I need the extra surface area for my mouse and the ability to easily turn and twist the board sideways. Using the Wooting Two keys with the wider actuation but on a compact board that has arrows would be prefect.

        Will keep my credit card at the ready. 🙂

        • Alexey
          January 31, 2020
          Reply

          (wistful whisper) Lekker switches, 60% or 65%, and… split! like VE.A https://i.redd.it/vmkvjbpj2lky.jpg
          gamers would appreciate just the left part: basically, a compact left hand keypad with analog switches could be a game changer.
          other than that, ortholinear split layouts are gaining popularity, especially ergodox and similar arrangements with dedicated thumb clusters.

          oh, and a wireless split model would be an instabuy, a “shut up and take my money” situation.

  2. e
    May 28, 2021
    Reply

    YOU SUCK

  3. Flybesta
    July 7, 2021
    Reply

    Guys i need help.
    I bought a new 60% keyboard and use it for like 1 week and now when i click the number it use the f keys without need to press the FN key….

    • July 12, 2021
      Reply

      Every 60% keyboard has its own take on the function layer and reaching other keys. There’s a good chance you’re accidentally activating something, worth checking the manual.

  4. Rich Iacullo
    October 20, 2021
    Reply

    Hello from Chicago suburbs
    I am building a mechanical keyboard with my grandson. He has a DZ60RGB V2 pcb. I believe it has arrow keys which after reading your article makes it a 65% keyboard. I guess this is also not an ANSI layout. Please advise some possible keycap suggestions for this build…I appreciate any help….thanks / rich

    • November 22, 2021
      Reply

      Keycaps are often difficult for 65% keyboards, because you’ll often special size keycaps on the Right side of the keyboard.Depending on your 65% layout, this could be right shift, alt, ctrl, win, fn.

      You can look into AKKO keycaps if you want something inclusive and affordable.

  5. Bhanu
    November 15, 2021
    Reply

    Hi, I have a sixty five percent keyboard. As you can see i didnt use numbers which is my problem, I think I pressed some buttons that locked my numbers keys to function keys. Usually I press fn and one to use the function one key but I pressed sopmething that caused my number keys to change to function keys without even pressing fn, I’ve tried alot of things but nothing has worked can’t even find a solution in google or the manual. If anyone knows how to fix this problem please let me know.

    • Igor
      November 16, 2021
      Reply

      It’s common for keyboards to have a lock-FN function help when you want to continuosly use the keys that are activated by the fn key. Every keyboard is different, so you’ll have to check your user manual. The feature you’re looking for is usually called “lock-FN”.

  6. James
    November 22, 2021
    Reply

    I have a 60% keyboard and I don’t know why I need to press the Fn key first to type in the numbers in fkeys, esc key, and the arrow keys. Please let me know how to fix this.

    • November 22, 2021
      Reply

      The fn key stands for Function. It basically accesses another layer of keys on your keyboard. Depending on the brand keyboard, what is programmer on those layers is different. Usually F+ nummber row results in the F keys. It could also happen that the brand keyboard you have swapped the function keys to the main layer, causing the inverse effect.

Leave a Reply to e Cancel reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *